Scalable parallel computational geometry for coarse grained multicomputers.

F. Dehne, A. Fabri, and A. Rau-Chaplin

Abstract: We study {\em scalable parallel computational geometry} algorithms for the {\em coarse grained multicomputer} model: $p$ processors solving a problem on $n$ data items, were each processor has $O(\frac{n}{p}) \gg O(1) $ local memory and all processors are connected via some arbitrary interconnection network (e.g. mesh, hypercube, fat tree). We present $O(\frac{T_{sequential}}{p} + T_s(n,p))$ time scalable parallel algorithms for several computational geometry problems. $T_s(n,p)$ refers to the time of a global sort operation. Our results are independent of the multicomputer's interconnection network. Their time complexities become optimal when $\frac{T_{sequential}}{p}$ dominates $T_s(n,p)$ or when $T_s(n,p)$ is optimal. This is the case for several standard architectures, including meshes and hypercubes, and a wide range of ratios $\frac{n}{p}$ that include many of the currently available machine configurations. Our methods also have some important {\em practical} advantages: For interprocessor communication, they use only a small fixed number of one global routing operation, global sort, and all other programming is in the sequential domain. Furthermore, our algorithms use only a small number of very large messages, which greatly reduces the overhead for the communication protocol between processors. (Note however, that our time complexities account for the lengths of messages.) Experiments show that our methods are easy to implement and give good timing results.

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